4 Museums in Rabat You Can’t-Miss! Discover History and Culture

Museums in Rabat for History

Step into the captivating world of Rabat’s cultural tapestry with our exclusive feature: ‘4 Museums in Rabat You Can’t-Miss!’ Delve into the rich history and culture of Morocco’s capital as we open the doors to these cultural gems. From ancient wonders to contemporary treasures, this curated selection promises an immersive journey through the heart of Rabat’s heritage.



Museums in Rabat: Unearth the Rich Tapestry of History and Culture

Rabat, known as the administrative capital of Morocco, is a unique blend of modernity and history. The city features modern architectural wonders, such as the under-construction Mohammed VI Tower, a symbol of the city’s forward-thinking ambitions. Yet, beneath its contemporary sophistication, its long-standing history makes it a treasure trove for history and art enthusiasts. 

If you are a history and culture enthusiast and found yourself in the city, here are four museums you wouldn’t want to miss:

1 – Mohammed VI Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art

Located in the heart of Rabat, the Mohammed VI Museum of Modern and Contemporary Art (MMVI), is the first museum in the Kingdom of Morocco dedicated entirely to modern and contemporary arts.

MMVI is equally the first public institution to meet international standards. The museum’s architecture is a sight to behold on its own, with its seamless fusion of urban modern design and rich patterns that reflect the country’s rich heritage and diversity. The museum treats visitors to thought-provoking exhibitions from African artists, with occasional screenings of films, and other art shows – be sure to visit the gift shop and get a taste of Moroccan tea with traditional pastries at the in-museum coffee shop.

2 – Museum of History and Civilizations

The Museum of History and Civilizations, which dates back to the 1920s, has an intricate history of its own. 

The museum was established during the early years of the French Protectorate to house the Protectorate’s Antiquities Service. Its collections started forming as early as 1915 with the initiation of a series of archaeological excavations. 

In 1930, the museum became home to artifacts unearthed in the Volubilis, a partly-excavated ancient Amazigh-Roman city located near the city of Meknes.

Over the years, Exhibition halls were constructed around the administrative building. The museum took its final architectural form in 1952 with the completion of the large oval hall, known as the Bronze Room. 

Further Reading: The Ultimate Rabat Travel Guide

Since April 2017, the museum has welcomed its visitors, and it currently holds a vast collection of statues, and jewelry, among other artifacts belonging to the Volubilis in the 3rd century BC.

3 – The National Photography Museum

Perched atop a cliff overlooking the Atlantic Ocean, the National Photography Museum is a must-visit site for photography enthusiasts. 

Similar to the Museum of History and Civilizations, the structure housing the museum boasts a rich historical background.

The museum was initially constructed in the 19th century under the reign of Sultan Hassan I. The fortress was built to house a collection of 20 cannons gifted from Hamburg. 

Two of those cannons still exist on site on each side of the fort’s energy door. The inside of the fortress now exhibits collections from Moroccan photographers. 

The fortress, also known as the Rottemburg fortress, was transformed into a captivating space dedicated to showcasing the works of Moroccan artists. 

Be sure to look around the fortress ground, where the breathtaking views may evoke memories of epic tales like those in Game of Thrones.

4 – The Oudayas Museum

In the spirit of saving the best for the last…

The Oudayas Museum takes its name after the Kasbah of the Oudayas, a magnificent structure sitting atop a hill alongside the Bou Regreg River.

The museum is nestled inside the Kasbah, first built in the 11th century to protect the Almoravids Kingdom against coastal attacks. 

Descending into the lower part of the Kasbah, visitors will be greeted with a majestic Andalusian garden space adorned with a variety of plants and flowers, with water flowing in an ancient fountain at the center of the space. 

Further Reading: 4 Top Riads in Rabat For an Authentic Stay

Tucked away in a quiet corner of the garden lies the unassuming entrance to a royal dwelling, now transformed into the Oudaya Museum. After restoration work, the Oudaya Museum became the National Museum of Adornment in 2022. Here, visitors get a rare glimpse at a vast collection of garments and jewelry from different eras of the Moroccan far-stretching history.


Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Are these museums suitable for children?

    Yes, these museums cater to all ages. While some exhibits may be more suitable for adults, many museums offer interactive displays and engaging content for younger visitors.

  2. Can I combine visits to these museums with other attractions in Rabat?

    Absolutely! Plan your museum visits alongside exploring other Rabat attractions like the Kasbah of the Udayas, Hassan Tower, and Chellah Necropolis for a comprehensive experience.

  3. What’s the best way to get to these museums in Rabat?

    Public transportation, taxis, or walking are convenient ways to reach these museums. Plan your route based on your location, and enjoy the scenic journey to each cultural destination.

  4. What’s the significance of each museum in Rabat’s cultural landscape?

    Each museum contributes uniquely to Rabat’s cultural identity. For example, the Archaeological Museum showcases Morocco’s ancient past, while the Oudaias Museum captures the city’s historical charm.

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